Kishkinda Kandam

11. Rama Throws Skeleton of Dundhubhi

[Sugreeva describes the prowess of Vali. He tells how he threw the body of Dhundhbhi whom he has killed to one yojana distance. He also tells Rama about the curse of sage Mathanga on Vali. Rama throws the skeleton of Dhundhubhi to ten yojanas distance just by his toe. Sugreeva wants him to pierce one of the seven Sala trees.]

When Sugreeva heard the words of Rama, his joy and courage increased and he started praising Rama in a worshipful manner. 11.1

"Without any doubt, if you become angry, by using lustrous sharp arrows which will pierce the vital parts, you can burn the world similar to Sin God burning the world before the deluge." 11.2

"Please hear with concentrated mind about his courage, valour and steadfastness from me and then you u decide as to what is to be done by you." 11.3

"Vali daily crosses oceans from east to west and from South to North before sun rise without getting tired." 11.4

"Vali would climb to the top of the mountains and he would toss huge peaks speedily upwards and then catch them." 11.5

"While Vali is exhibiting his strength he would brake many strong trees in the forest with vigour and speed." 11.6

"There was a buffalo called Dundhubhi, who was shining like the Kailasa mountain, who has the strength of one thousand elephants and greatly valorous." 11.7

"That wicked very huge bodied one proud of his valour and deluded by the power of boons that he obtained went to the ocean which is the Lord of all rivers." 11.8

"After reaching the sea with billowing waves and which had collection of gems wanting to fight a war with the ocean he told." 11.9

"Oh king, that strong ocean which was the soul of Dharma arose and told that Rakshasa who was sent there by God of death." 11.10

"Oh expert in war, I am not capable of fighting with you and please hear so that I can tell you about the one who would engage you in war." 11.11

"The very famous king of mountains Himalayas is the abode of many sages in its great forests and is the father in law of Sankara. He has many great waterfalls and many cavers and caverns within him. He will be competent and give you incomparable pleasure in war." 11.12-11.13

"That great Asura understanding that the ocean is scared of him, went to Himalayas like a great arrow released from a bow and that Dundhubhi then took elephant size rocks from that white mountain threw and broke them and roared." 11.14-11.15

"Then that Himalayas who was gentle took a a pleasing form like a cloud and sitting on one of its peaks told him." 11.16
"Oh Lover of Dharma Dundhubhi, do not offer me any trouble, as I am the abode of sages doing penance, I am not suitable to war with you." 11.17

"Hearing the words of the wise king of mountains, Dundhubhi who had red eyes due to anger spoke to him." 11.18

"You are not fighting with me either because you are not competent or you are afraid of me but you can please show me a valorous hero who would be ready to fight with me." 11.19

"That Himalayas who was skilful in conversation and a person of Dharma, on hearing the angry words of that great Asura, spoke angrily to him." 11.20

"There is a greatly wise monkey called Vali who is equal in valour to Indra and the Lord of the monkeys is living in Kishkinda which has unmatched luster." 11.21

'He is very intelligent, greatly wise and an expert in war and he is capable of facing in one to one fight war like just like Indra gave to Namuchi." 11.22

"If you are interested in war speedily go to him, for he is difficult to face in war and would be ever ready for it." 11.23

"Hearing the words of Himalayas, the extremely angry Dundhubhi went to the town of Kishkinda which was the place of Vali." 11.24

"He took the form of a terrifying bison with very sharp horns and looked like a water rich cloud in the sky of the rainy season and that very strong one reached the gate of Kishkinda and roared like a Dundhubhi drum and shook the earth." 11.25-11.26

"Breaking the trees which were nearby and scratching the earth and digging the gate by his horns he looked like an elephant." 11.27

"Vali who had gone to his private apartments hearing that intolerable sound, jumped from where he is along with a woman and looked like a moon coming out along with the stars." 11.28

"Vali, the lord of the monkeys, who roams all over the forest, told Dundhubhi in few words whose letters were clear." 11.29

"Oh Dundhubhi, for what reason are you blocking the door like this and roaring. Oh very strong one you are known to me, please save your own life." 11.30

"After hearing those words of the king of monkeys Dundhubhi told with reddened eyes due to great anger." 11.31

"Oh valorous one, you should not talk in the presence of women, Start the war with me and then I will know your strength." 11.32

"Otherwise I will control my anger for this night and I will give you time to passionately indulge in love play for this night." 11.33

"Oh monkey, you can embrace them and give them whatever you want to give and oh king of monkeys you can also spend time with your friends." 11.34

"See Kishkinda properly assigns some one like you to be king of the city and play with ladies, for I am going to destroy your pride." 11.35

"He who kills an intoxicated one, heedless one, one who is sleeping or one without weapons and one who is passionately indulged in love is like a killer of unborn child in a womb." 11.36

"Then smiling mischievously, he sent away Tara and her servants and all other women and angrily he told the great Rakshasa." 11.37

"Do not think that I am intoxicated and if you are not afraid of a war, my intoxication would help me in striking you as I have drunk a heroe’s drink." 11.38

"After having angrily spoken like this and after removing the golden garland given to him by his father the Indra and stood ready for the war." 11.39

"Vali roaring like an elephant lifted Dundhubhi who was like a mountain by his horns and stuck him down." 11.40

"Then Vali roared and threw the body of Dundhubhi down, and blood started flowing from the ears of Dundhubhi." 11.41

"Since both of them were agitated and angry and both were wishing to be victorious, a horrible war took place between Dundhubhi and the monkey." 11.42

"Vali who has valour equal to Indra fought with fists, knees as well as stones and trees." 11.43

"The Monkey and the asura pounced upon each other in that fight and the power of Asura got reduced and that of the son of Indra increased." 11.44

"Vali lifted the asura Dundhubhi who was failing in his efforts, courage strength and prowess, and hit him down on the ground and while being thrown down Dundhubhi was crushed and the body got split in to five elements and he fell down dead." 11.45-11.46

"That strong Vali lifted that body which has lost its life by his hands and with speed hurled it to a Yojana distance." 11.47

"When the body was thrown in haste, drops of blood from the mouth of the body fell, which was scattered by the wind and fell on the hermitage of sage Matanga." 11.48

"Seeing the drops of blood of a Rakshasa that has fallen on him, that great sage became angry and started thinking about who might have done it?' 11.49

"Which bad soul has sprayed blood, instantly on me and that bad one who has done it must be evil minded and childish?" 11.50

"After saying this the great sage came out of his hermitage and saw before him the mountain like body of that buffalo." 11.51

"By the power of penance he understood that it was done by a monkey and he pronounced a great curse on Vali who hurled it." 11.52

"If he who polluted this hermitage by sprinkling of blood enters this place protected by me, then his death would take place." 11.53

"If he who broke trees in this place by throwing the body of the Asura, comes within one Yojana all round my hermitage clearly that evil minded person will not live." 11.54

"It is better that those ministers of his who are staying in my forest also go away with pleasure as soon as this pronouncement is made." 11.55

"If they stay back in the forest which has been looked after like a son by me and destroy its shoots and harvest the fruits and roots, definitely I would also curse them." 11.56-11.57

"I am giving them one day time and from tomorrow, if I see any such monkey, then he would be transformed in to a mountain and remain here for thousands of years." 11.58

"As soon as these words fell out of the mouth of the sage, they all came out of that forest and went and met Vali." 11.59

"Oh monkeys who live in the forest of Matanga, why have you all together come to meet me? I hope all of you are safe." 11.60

"Then all those monkeys told all that happened and also about the curse given to Vali and the reason for that curse." 11.61

"When Vali heard all that was told by the monkeys, Vali went to the hermitage Of Matanga and with saluted hands begged for his pardon." 11.62

"The great sage went in to his hermitage without obliging him and due to the fear of that curse Vali was greatly perturbed." 11.63

"Due to the fear of that curse, Vali does not enter the great Rishyamooka mountain and does not even like to see it." 11.64

"Knowing about the prohibition of his entry, Oh Rama, I roam about in this great forest accompanied by my ministers without any fear." 11.65

"That shining skeleton lying on the mountain top is that of Dundhubhi, which was thrown there by the vanity of Vali." 11.66

"You can also see seven huge Sala trees full with their branches and Vali by his innate power can make them leafless one at a time." 11.67

"Oh Rama, I am telling all this to describe about his matchless valour, then how is it possible for you to kill him in war?" 11.68

When Sugreeva told like this Lakshmana smilingly told, "by performing which act would you believe that we are capable of killing Vali." 11.69

Then Sugreeva told, "Earlier these seven Sala trees used to be shaken one after another by Vali and agitate them." 11.70

"If Rama can with one arrow remove all leaves of one of the Sala trees by his arrow, then on seeing the valour of Rama, I would conclude that Vali is definitely dead." 11.71

"Oh Lakshmana, if using one of his feet, he can kick the skeleton of the buffalo and make it fall at two hundred bow lengths, then I will have confidence in him." 11.72

When Sugreeva told like this the eyes of Rama reddened and after thinking for a short time Sugreeva again spoke to son of Kakustha clan. 11.73

"The strong monkey Vali is valorous and acknowledges valour and is famous for his strength and masculinity and he cannot be defeated in war." 11.74

"Seeing his acts which are difficult for even devas to perform, I became thoughtful and scared and I depended on living in Rishyamooka." 11.75

"After thinking and concluding that he the king of monkeys cannot be defeated, cannot be conquered and cannot be attacked, I am not leaving Rishyamooka." 11.76

"After suspecting problems, I am moving about in this great forest along with affectionate ministers lead by Hanuman." 11.77

"Oh Rama who loves his friends, Oh tiger among men, in you I have got a trustworthy laudable and good friend, in whom I can depend upon like the Himalaya mountain." 11.78

"I do not know your power in war as your valour has not been seen by me, like I know about my malicious brother." 11.79

"I am not trying to measure you or insult you or intimidating you, but his gross exploits have made fear rise in my heart." 11.80

"Oh Raghava, your voice, courage as well as physique seems desirable and indicate great radiance but it is not clear like an ember covered with ash." 11.81

Hearing these words from the great soul Sugreeva, Rama with a smile told the following to the monkey. 11.82

"Oh monkey, if you are not able to have confidence in me, I will convince you of my power and valour in war." 11.83

That elder brother of Lakshmana who is very strong and valorous after comforting Sugreeva by saying this, playfully with his toe lifted the dried up body of Dundhubhi and threw it to a distance of ten Yojanas. 11.84-11.85

Then Sugreeva seeing the body quickly again told to the elder brother of Rama who was shining like a sun "the words told in front of the monkeys are really meaningful." 11.86

"Oh friend, At that time the flesh was wet and now it has become dried up without flesh and is like grass, Oh Raghava, and at that time my brother Vali was intoxicated and tired and so you could fling it happily." 11.87-11.88

"And because wet state and dry state makes a lot of difference, I am not able to decide whether your strength of his strength is more." 11.89

"Oh dear one, I am still having doubt of your strength compared to his but if you are able to pierce one Sala tree, I would be convinced." 11.90

"Get set your great bow which is like an elephant's trunk and draw the string up to your ear and release a great arrow." 11.91

"Oh Rama if you pierce one Sala tree by using your arrow, then I will not have any doubt. Enough of this thinking and please do this one favour to me and I tell this swearing upon me." 11.92

"Like the sun among things that are bright, Like Himalayas being the greatest mountain and like Lion is the greatest among those which walk with four feet, you are the most valorous among me." 11.93

This is the end of Eleventh Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

12. First Fight of Sugreeva with Vali

[Rama shows his prowess by sending his arrow through all the seven Sala trees, Convinced accompanied by Rama Sugreeva goes to fight with Vali. Since both of them look alike Rama is not able to kill Vali. Decorated by a forest flower Garland Sugreeva goes again to fight with Vali.]

When Rama heard these good words of Sugreeva, to create confidence in his mind, Rama took up the bow. 12.1

Rama, who respects others, took one arrow and put it on the horrifying bow and shot aiming at the Sala tree and the sound produced could be heard in all directions. 12.2

That powerful arrow which was decorated with gold, when released pierced through all the seven Sala trees and the mountain terrain and pierced the earth. 12.3

That great arrow after it was released within a short time pierced all the Sala trees and after it emerged from there returned back to the quiver. 12, 4

That great monkey seeing the arrow piercing all the seven trees was filled with great wonder by the speed of the arrow of Rama. 12.5

That Sugreeva, who was greatly pleased, saluted Rama with folded hands and with his ornaments hanging down prostrated before Rama with his head touching the earth. 12.6

Greatly pleased by act that Sugreeva spoke to Rama who was follower of Dharma, an expert in all branches of knowledge and valorous one who stood there. 12.7

"Oh bull among men, using your arrows you can kill even Indra assisted by all devas in a battle and what to see of this Vali." 12.8

"Oh Rama with one arrow you have pierced, seven great Sala trees, the mountain as well as the earth and who can face you in the battle front?" 12.9

"All my sorrows have deserted me as I got a friend like you who is comparable to Indra and Varuna." 12.10

"Now for my sake you have to kill my enemy Vali who is in the form of my brother and for that son of Kakustha clan my salutations." 12.11

Then Rama embraced Sugreeva who was good to look at and followed by Lakshmana he replied back" 12.12

"We will now speedily go to Kishkinda with you leading us and after going there you invite Vali who is only a brother for namesake, for a duel." 12.13

Then they all went to Kishkinda the capital of Vali and hid themselves behind a tree and stayed there. 12.14

For the sake inviting Vali for a duel Sugreeva let out a horrifying shout which was sky breaking, after tightening his stomach by his cloth. 12.15

Hearing that shouting of his brother, the very strong Vali came out overwhelmed with great anger like the Sun coming out of the western ocean. 12.16

Then a tumultuous war broke out between Vali and Sugreeva resembling a war between Budha [mercury] and Angaraka [mars] in the sky. 12.17

Those brothers forgetting themselves in anger fought with palms and fists and stuck each other like lightning and thunder. 12.18

Then Rama armed with bow looked at both of them, who were valorous and similar to look at like Aswini Kumaras. 12.19

Since Raghava could not recognize Vali or Sugreeva, he could not make up his mind to release the deadly arrow. 12.20

Meanwhile Sugreeva defeated by Vali, not able to see Lord Raghava ran to the Rishyamooka mountains. 12.21

Chased with great anger by Vali, the exhausted Sugreeva, with blood oozing out from all his limbs due to the beatings and with a slackened body entered the forest of Matanga. 12.22

When the greatly lustrous Vali saw Sugreeva enter that forest, scared due to the curse that he had received saying, "You have escaped" and returned. 12.23

Rama along with his brother as well as Hanuman came to that forest which was entered by Sugreeva. 12.24

Sugreeva on seeing Rama along with Lakshmana felt greatly shy and replied seeing the earth. 12.25

"Asking me to challenge so that you can exhibit your valour to the enemy, you got me hit this way. Why did you do it?" 12.26

"Oh Raghava, had you at that time itself told me that you will not kill Vali, I would not have gone there." 12.27

When Sugreeva the great soul was speaking like this in a piteous and soul stirring manner Raghava again told. 12.28

"Oh dear Sugreeva please hear and please get out of this anger and hear why I did not sent that arrow?" 12.29

"Oh Sugreeva you and Vali are exactly alike in adornment, in form and also in size and movements and resemble each other." 12.30

"Oh monkey, In voice, in splendour or in looks or in valour, I could not find any differences between you." 12.31

"Oh best among monkeys, by the similarity between you two, I was confused and so I did not send the very fast arrow to kill the enemy." 12.32

"Due to your great similarity I did not send the horrifying arrow which is fatal, thinking that I should not strike at the root of our friendship between us." 12.33

"Oh valorous king of monkeys, my ignorance or thoughtlessness of folly of childishness would be revealed if you happen to die by mistake." 12.34

"It is said the crime of killing one who has promised you protection is very great. Me, Lakshmana and Sita of the blessed colour are under your protection as we have sought your protection in this forest." 12.35

"Oh monkey, without having any doubts on me, you should go to fight again. Oh Sugreeva within a short time, you will see that Vali is dying in the battle with a single arrow of mine and see him lying dead on the ground." 12.36-12.37

"Oh king of monkeys, you have some sort of signet with you, so that, in the fight that is going to happen, I can recognize you." 12.38

"Oh Lakshmana pluck that Gajapushpi flower in bloom which is auspicious and put in the neck of the great Sugreeva." 12.39

Then Lakshmana went to the path in the mountain which was full of blooming Gajapushpi flowers, plucked them and kept it on the neck of Sugreeva. 12.40

That auspicious gentle one Sugreeva with the creeper garland around his neck looked like a rain cloud at dusk adorned by a row of cranes, 12.41

With a radiant body that Sugreeva, as per the words of Rama, along with Rama went to Kishkinda which was ruled by Vali. 12.42

This is the end of Twelfth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

13. Rama at Seven Sages Hermitage

[On their way to Kishkinda they see a hermitage from which scented air was coming out. Sugreeva told Rama that it was the hermitage of the seven sages and requests them to salute that hermitage.]

The elder brother of Lakshmana went from Rishyamooka along with Sugreeva to Kishkinda which was ruled by the valorous Vali. 13.1

Rama got ready with a great bow and arrow decorated by Gold and which was like Sun and which was powerful in war. 13.2

In the front of the great soul Raghava, the strong necked Sugreeva and Lakshmana walked ahead. 13.3

Behind him the valorous Hanuman, Nala, NIla and the brilliant monkey leader Tara walked. 13.4

They walked seeing bent trees due to heavy load of flowers, rivers with pure water flowing to the sea. 13.5

They walked seeing valleys, mountains, house like caves and caves, chief peaks and valleys which were all pleasant to look at. 13.6

They went glancing at Lotus plants having leaves like pure Vaidoorya, Asoka plants with unopened buds and picturesque tanks with good water. 13.7

They walked seeing Karanda ducks, cranes, swans, Vanjula birds, water fowls and Chakravaka birds which were singing melodiously. 13.8

They saw on those grounds fearless deer were roaming in the forest feeding on tender grass. 13.9

There were elephants with two tusks wandering alone which were fearsome enemies of tanks. 13.10

There were elephant like monkeys moving like a mountain which were intoxicated, raising dust of the ground and knocking way edges of mountains. 13.11

Seeing the animals that move in the forest and birds that move in the sky, they proceeded by the way shown by Sugreeva. 13.12

When they were proceeding with great speed, the son of Raghu clan, after seeing a forest densely populated with trees asked Sugreeva. 13.13

"These patch of trees is shining like a cloud in the sky and they are vast like collection of clouds and surrounded by Banana clumps". 13.14

"Oh friend, I would like to know what this is? I am curious about it. I wish you would satisfy my curiosity." 13.15

Hearing those words from the great soul Rama, Sugreeva started answering while they were walking in the dense forest. 13.16

"Oh Raghava, this is a very broad hermitage which removes tiresomeness due to it having pretty gardens and lots of fruits and roots." 13.17

"The sages were called 'seven sages' who observed great penance with great discipline. They rested upside down with head in the water and foot up." 13.18

"They observed penances for seven days with air as their only food and on the seventh night they stayed on the top of the mountain without moving. They did penance like this for seven hundred years and with their bodies departed to heaven." 13.19

"Because of their power, this hermitage surrounded by trees is difficult to enter to devas, asuras including Indra." 13.20

"Birds and other animals who wander in this forest do not enter the hermitage because any one entering in cannot return alive." 13.21

"Oh Rama from the hermitage sound of dresses and ornaments are heard as well as sound of musical instruments and singing and also one can smell divine fragrance there." 13.22

"Three sacred fires keep on burning inside the hermitage and the smoke from them envelop the tree tops and the smoke shines red like a pigeon's leg" 13.23

"These tree tops with their top covered by thick smoke and covered by the thick clouds looks like a mountain of Vaidoorya." 13.24

"Oh Rama along with your brother Lakshmana salute the sages with folded hands and meditating on those sages." 13.25

"Those who offer salutations to those sages who are in contemplative state, will not have any inauspicious signs in their body." 13.26

Then Rama along with Lakshmana saluted those sages and meditated with devotion on those sages and worshipped them. 13.27

Then Rama, his brother Lakshmana, Sugreeva and other monkeys offered salutations and went from there with a heart full of delight. 13.28

Then going with effort for a long distance from the hermitage of the seven sages, they saw Kishkinda ruled by Vali. 13.29

Then Rama, his brother and the monkeys after taking weapons which had very great luster, reached the town ruled by the son of Indra, to eliminate their enemy. 13.30

This is the end of Thirteenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

14. Sugreeva at Kishkinda

They all went speedily to Kishkinda the place ruled by Vali and in the deep forest they waited hiding behind the trees. 14.1

Sugreeva with a bread chest who loved forests thoughtfully examined all the forests and became angry. 14.2

Then he who was surrounded by his companions made horrible sound capable of breaking the sky and moved like wind inviting Vali for war and it was like a roar of a great cloud. 14.3

Sugreeva who was like an infant sun and who moved like lion and who was capable of doing any duty spoke like this to Rama. 14.4

"We have reached the very big Kishkinda which is occupied by a net work of monkeys, which has shining gate way made of gold and which has a flag operated mechanically. 14.5

"Oh valorous one, as per your earlier vow, be pleased to kill Vali and achieve this quickly, like providing support to the creeper at the right time." 14.6

When Sugreeva spoke like this to the Rama who was the soul of Dharma, told the following to Sugreeva who was a destroyer of his enemies. 14.7

"I can now recognize you by the Gajapushpi creeper, which is a distinguishing mark placed on your neck by Lakshmana." 14.8

"Oh valorous one, you are shining greatly with the creeper adorning your neck and you look like the sun with a garland of stars in the bright sky." 14.9

"Oh monkey, now I will relieve your fear caused by enmity of Vali, by release of one arrow at him." 14.10

"Please show me your enemy in the form of your brother, before he is killed and rolls down in the dust of the forest." 14.11

"If you bring Vali in to my visual range, then there would not be any need for you to complain that he has gone back alive." 14.12

"You have seen earlier that I pierced seven Sala trees by one arrow and by that same strength I will kill Vali now." 14.13

"Oh valorous one, I have never spoken a lie earlier even when I faced pain fearing that I would go against the tenets of Dharma and I will also not speak a lie in future." 14.14

"Leave out your nervousness for I will fulfill my vow like Indra helped a rice crop to yield by bringing rain at the proper time." 14.15

"Oh Sugreeva, now you make such sound and a war cry that the Vali adorned with a golden garland would come out." 14.16

"When challenged by you, he who wishes to win and praises strength will rush out without any other people from the city." 14.17

"The challenge of enemies is like liked by valorous men who know about their valour especially in front of women." 14.18

When he heard the words of Rama, the golden hued Sugreeva shouted in a loud and cruel voice, as if he wanted to split the sky. 14.19

Due to the effect of his sound, cows were frightened and lost their luster, like the virtuous queens when they come to know about the failure of the king. 14.20

The deer were started falling down like the wounded horses in the battle and the birds started falling down like the planets stars which fall down after their blessing is exhausted. 14.21

Sugreeva, the son of Sun, who is well-known for cloud like thundering, and whose vigour is now reinforced by his bravery, then promptly released an oceanic roar like an ocean with splashing waves drifted by gales. 14.22

This is the end of Fourteenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

15. Tara Tries to Dissuade Vali

[When Vali starts angrily to fight again with Sugreeva, Tara his queen, tells him that Sugreeva would not come to fight again without any help. She tells him that from spies Angadha has heard that Rama and Lakshmana have promised to help him. She tells him that they are formidable and not to go to fight.]

Vali, who had gone to his private apartments, heard the huge sound of great Sugreeva and got angry with his brother. 15.1

Hearing that sound which shook all the beings, Vali lost his intoxicated mood and became greatly angry. 15.2

Vali who was shining like gold was all over influenced by anger, lost all his luster like that of the eclipsed sun. 15.3

Vali who was gnashing his teeth due to his anger shined like fire and appeared like a pond full of uprooted lotus plants. 15.4

Hearing the intolerable sound that monkey started rushing out with quick and strong steps as if he intended to break the earth. 15.5

Then Tara hugged him, looked at him with love and companionship and told good advice to him who was greatly agitated. 15.6

"Oh valiant one, gently leave out this anger which comes out with a speed of river from you. The garland that you wear might would be taken out at day break." 15.7

"Oh great monkey, war has to be done seeing the time. You do not have enemies or vanity with you." 15.8

"You are going out from here rashly and I think it is not good for you and hear from me why are being prevented by me." 15.9

"Earlier he summoned you for war with great anger and when he attacked, he was thrown away and ran in all directions." 15.10

"He was defeated by you and specially hurt by you and when immediately he again calls you for war, a doubt arises in my mind." 15.11

" You can see that with pride and determination he is roaring. For this starting of that shouting again, the reason does not appear to be small." 15.12

"I do not think that Sugreeva has come here without any other help and he is depending on some unflinching support for this roaring of his." 15.13

"By Nature Sugreeva is intelligent and has expertise and he would not enter in to friendship without testing that person's power." 15.14

"Oh valorous one, I have heard earlier from Angadha when he spoke to me about this matter and I would tell you about those good words." 15.15

"Our Son had gone in side the forest and the following news was revealed to him by our spies." 15.16

"The sons of the king of Ayodhya, Rama and Lakshmana who had been born in the clan of Ikshuvaku and who are valiant and difficult to be defeated in battle have reached here to help Sugreeva, making him difficult to defeat." 15.17

"Your brother has now got the help of the famous Rama who is an expert in warfare, who has killed powerful enemies and is burning like the fire at deluge." 15.18

"He is like a sheltering tree to the pious and to the destitutes and the ultimate protection to the distressed and the only one who can be called famous." 15.19

"He is endowed with intellect and knowledge and stood firmly by the words of his father. He is a great one with good qualities resembling a great mountain with minerals." 15.20

"So it is not proper for you to have him as enemy as he is honourable, cannot be defeated, and is of immeasurable greatness in war." 15.21

"Oh Valorous one, I desire to tell you a few things and I am not trying to find fault with you. Please listen and act according to it, As I desire only your welfare." 15.22

"Oh Valorous king, with speed consecrate Sugreeva as the Yuvaraja. Why this useless enmity as he is your younger brother." 15.23

"I think for the sake of your welfare develop friendship with Rama and keeping away enmity with Sugreeva and start loving him." 15.24

"Oh Monkey, he is your only younger brother whom you should love and it does it matter where he is as he is always your relative." 15.25

"I do not see any body else in this earth who is a relative equal to him. Treat him with wealth and respect and afterwards leave away the enmity towards him and keep him by your side." 15.26-15.27

"Sugreeva with his broad neck is the only great relation to you and so show him affection as a brother and there is no other alternative than this." 15.28

"If you think that I love you, if you think that I am interested in your welfare, please listen to my entreaties and do according to my words." 15.29

"Please become peaceful and hear what I am muttering which will be useful to you, you should not follow only anger and it is not proper for you to fight with princes of Kosala kingdom who are like Indra in splendour." 15.30

Like that Tara spoke these useful words to Vali and he being under the influence of God of death and about to die did not like her good words. 15.31

This is the end of Fifteenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

16. Vali is Shot by Rama

[Vali justifies himself assuring that Rama, the follower of Dharma would not hurt him. He promises Tara, that he would not kill Sugreeva. He goes out and fights with Sugreeva. Seeing that Sugreeva is weakening, Rama shoots a great arrow at Vali. Vali is hit and falls down.]

When Tara who was having a face like that of lord of stars was speaking, Vali berated her words and spoke thus. 16.1

"Oh blessed lady, that brother is an enemy and is roaring with excitement and for what reason should I tolerate him?" 16.2

"Oh coward, For the invincible heroes who would not turn back in a war, tolerating an insult is worse than death." 16.3

"I am not able to tolerate, desiring to fight a war and that Sugreeva is shouting like one with a bad neck and creating a great commotion." 16.4

"Do not become sad about what Rama will do against me, because being a follower of Dharma and one who is thankful, how can he commit a sin against me?" 16.5

"Go back along with other ladies and why are you following me? You have shown your interest in me, Oh Tara and you have shown sufficient devotion towards me." 16.6

"I will go and fight with Sugreeva accepting his challenge and you may leave out your anxiety as I will not kill him but only destroy his pride." 16.7

"In the battle field I will do whatever I desire with him, I will hit him with my fist as well as trees and hurt him and he will run back with his injuries." 16.8

"That cruel minded would not be able to tolerate my fast pace in war. Oh Tara you have tried to help me and exhibited your love towards me." 16.9

"I am making a promise on my soul that I would return from the war with people and I will return after winning over my brother." 16.10

The lady with a sweet speech Tara embraced Vali, went slowly round him in Pradakshina while she was weeping modestly. 16.11

Then she who was an expert in Manthras wished him well, went back extremely to his private apartments along with other ladies. 16.12

When Tara and other ladies entered in their own houses, Vali preparing to go from the town hissed like a serpent. 16.13

That greatly lustrous angry Vali breathed heavily, moved his sight all over the place wishing to see his enemy. 16.14

Then he saw the very cultured, gold complexioned Sugreeva standing there glowing like fire. 16.15

When he saw the greatly valorous Sugreeva standing ready for a battle, he tied his loin cloth tightly and went in to steep rage. 16.16

That valorous Vali tied his cloths tightly and went towards Sugreeva with a clenched fist, waiting impatiently for a fight. 16.17

Sugreeva also clenched his fist and advanced even more eagerly towards Vali wearing a golden necklace. 16.18

Then Vali eyes reddened with anger told Sugreeva who was an expert in war and was advancing swiftly to pounce on the enemy. 16.19

"The fist of mine in which my fingers have been tightly packed would hit you with great speed and take away your life, so move away. 16.20

When Vali told like this Sugreeva replied "My fist will hit on your head and take away your soul." 16.21

When Sugreeva was approaching him in great speed Vali hit him with his fist and like a water fall from a river Sugreeva vomited blood. 16.22

Sugreeva moved freely from there, uprooted a huge Sala tree and hit him on the limbs of Vali, who looked like a mountain hit by a thunderbolt. 16.23

Hit by the huge Sala tree, Vali was shaken up like a heavily loaded ship full of caravan travelling in the sea. 16.24

Both of them with terrible strength, fierce in appearance seeking the weak points in the other advanced towards each other, striking at the enemy. They were as fast as Garuda and grew like the Sun and Moon in the sky. 16.25

Vali grew in strength and in valour but the greatly valorous Sugreeva the son of Sun God slowly weakened. 16.26

With his pride and strength crushed by Vali, Sugreeva became less valorous and anguished at Vali for having shown his comparative smallness. 16.27

Both of them fought the battle with branches and the tops of trees and with their nails that were as hard as tips of thunderbolts, fists, knees, legs and feet like the demon Vritara fought against Lord Indra. 16.28-16.29

Those monkeys who lived in the forest hit each other like a cloud hitting another cloud and produced great noise and also showing each other's blood stains. 16.30

Then Rama saw the king of monkeys looking here and there, again and again and observed that Sugreeva was losing his strength. 16.31

Then Rama seeing that the king of the monkeys was in great distress and that hero searched for a suitable arrow to kill Vali. 16.32

Then he stringed an arrow which looked like a snake, then pulled that bow which was like the coming of the wheel of the God of death. 16.33

By hearing the twang of the bow the winged and feathered birds were greatly disturbed and started flying in different directions possibly thinking that deluge in the clearing. 16.34

When the great arrow was released by Raghava, it went with sound of a thunderbolt, flashing lights similar to lightning and it hit the chest of Vali. 16.35

That greatly lustrous king of monkeys who was proud of his valour was hit speedily by that arrow and fell on the earth. 16.36

Vali fell down unconscious losing his entire luster, like the flag of Indra hoisted on Aswathi day and thrown out after Indradwaja celebrations. 16.37

That best among men released the best among arrows decorated by silver and gold and which was like the death at the time of deluge, which was shining, which was meant to kill the enemy and looked like the third eye of Lord Shiva. 16.38

Then dampened by the blood flowing like water, just like an Asoka tree full of flowers standing on a mountain, the son of Indra fell unconscious, like the flag of Indra which was thrown out on the ground after the festival. 16.39

This is the end of Sixteenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

17. Vali Accuses Rama

[When Rama approaches Vali, he accuses him of going against Dharma by killing some one who was not fighting him. He further says that his meat cannot be eaten. He accuses Rama of doing a dishonest and despicable act.]

That Vali who was an expert in war struck down by Rama, immediately fell down like a tree which was cut. 17.1

On that earth was lying down Vali who was decorated in all limbs by gold who fell down like the flag of Indra when the ropes tying it were loosened. 17.2

When the king of groups of monkeys fell down on the earth, the earth looked like the dull sky after the moon has set. 17.3

Though he had fallen on the ground, the body of that great one had not lost its splendour, the soul the luster and the valour had not left the body. 17.4

The divine garland given by Indra which was decorated by gold and diamonds gave the monkey chief the luster, life and splendour. 17.5

That Valorous monkey chief with the golden necklace looked like rain cloud with border glow of the twilight. 17.6

His garland, his body and that great fatal arrow were crafted in splendour in three ways, though he had fallen down. 17.7

That arrow led that valorous one in the path to heaven as Rama's arrow released from his bow led you to salvation. 17.8

He had fallen on the ground like a fire that was extinguished and that respectable warrior looked round him slowly and looked like king Yayathi who had fallen from heaven after exhausting his blessings and like Sun God who has fallen on earth at the time of deluge. He was unassailable like the great Indra, the fierce Shiva and Upendra. That fallen Vali who was the son of great Indra wearing a golden necklace was having a chest like lion, long hands, burning face, tawny eyes of the monkey and saw Rama accompanied by Lakshmana approaching him. 17.9-17.12

Vali after seeing Rama and the strong Lakshmana and spoke polite but harsh words which were according to Dharma: "You are the son of the king who is famous, pleasing to look at, born in a great family, lustrous and one who has taken the penance of good character." 17.13-17.14

"What merit did you get by killing me when I was engaged otherwise, since I was hit by your arrow when I was engrossed in another battle?" 17.15

"Rama all the world tells that you are merciful, taking care of the welfare of people, compassionate, dispassionate, one who acts in proper time and firm in your penance." 17.16-17.17

"Oh king, control of the body, control of the mind, patience, righteousness, forbearance, truthfulness, valour are qualities of a good king as also punishing those who do a crime." 17.18

"Primarily taking in to consideration your noble qualities, I came to fight with Sugreeva though I was prevented by Tara." 17.19

"A thought came in to mind then that it would not be proper for you to attack me when I was engaged in battle with others." 17.20

"I thought that you who walk under the flag of righteousness is not a fallen soul and I did not know that you are a sinner, one who is deceitful and one who does evil deeds." 17.21

"You are in fact a sinner who walks under the guise of a good man, and I did not know that you appear covered with Dharma which is only a pretext." 17.22

"Either in your city or in your country I have not done any sin nor at any time I have not insulted you and I am only a monkey living in the forest and eating fruits and roots and I was not fighting with you but with others." 17.23-17.24

"You are a son of a king, famous and good to look at and a look at you shows that you are one who loves Dharma." 17.25

"Which person born in the Kshatriya caste who has heard Vedas and who does not have any doubt of Dharma will do such a cruel act under the guise of Dharma?" 17.26

"Oh Rama, you are born in a royal family and are famous as the follower of Dharma and then why are you running about like a worthy person when really you are really unworthy?" 17.27

"Oh king, Conciliation, charity, patience, Dharma, Truth, honesty, valour and giving punishment to the guilty are the duties of a king." 17.28

"Oh Rama, we are animals who wander in the forest subsisting on fruits and roots and this is our nature while you are a man." 17.29

"Normally the battle is fought for land, gold and silver and how is it that you are interested in the fruits that I have?" 17.30

"Diplomacy, discipline, reward and punishment are the duties of the king which is not a mixed up one and kings do not act only on impulse." 17.31

"You are one in whom your wishes are important, angry, not balanced and you are confused about duties of a king and shooting arrow on others." 17.32

"Oh lord of men, you are a liar and do not have faith in Dharma and do not have stable intellect. and you are drawn by the senses towards passionate acts." 17.33

"Oh son of Kakustha clan, due to killing me who is innocent by an arrow and what will good people tell about you, who have done a despicable act?" 17.34

"Anyone who kills a king, a Brahmin, cow, living beings, atheist and one who marries before his elder sibling will go to hell." 17.35

"A gossip monger, a mean fellow, killer of a friend, one who molests the wife of his Guru would definitely go to the hell where sinners go." 17.36

"My skin is not good to wear, my hairs and bones are not of any use and my meat would not be eaten by followers of Dharma like you." 17.37

"Oh Raghava Brahmins and Kshatriyas are permitted to eat only five nailed creatures like the porcupine, the hedgehog, alligator, rabbit and turtle." 17.38

[Another translator tells the animals a, a kind of wild rodent, a kind of wild-boar, a kind of lizard, a hare and fifthly the turtle.]

"Oh king, learned people do not even touch my skin and they also do not eat my flesh as I am five nailed. Why have you killed me who is not fit to eat?" 17.39

"Tara who is a lady who knows everything told me words which were good for me and overlooking that I have come under the grip of death." 17.40

"Oh son of Kakustha clan, though you are a lord, you cannot protect this earth, like a wicked person cannot protect a virtuous wife." 17.41

"You are adamant, dishonest, mean, dressed up in false humility and a sinner and how did you become the son of the great soul Dasaratha." 17.42

"I have been killed by the hand of Rama, the elephant, who has broken the chains of character and went against conventions of good people and thrown away the goad of virtue." 17.43

"You have committed an inauspicious act not suitable to the noble people and even after that you talk about such acts and move with people following Dharma." 17.44

"You have exhibited your valour on people who should be neglected while you should have exhibited it before those who offended you." 17.45

"Oh son of the king, had you directly fought a war with me, you would have today itself seen the world of dead people." 17.46

"You have killed me who cannot be defeated by keeping yourself invisible, like a drunken man killing a snake which is asleep." 17.47

"Had you met me earlier, I would have got back your Maithili within a day. Had I not been killed by you to please Sugreeva, I would have brought you Ravana by catching him in his neck." 17.48-17.49

"Even if Maithili was hidden in the Patala or even under the sea as per your wishes like the white horse." 17.50

"It is proper for my brother Sugreeva to get the kingdom after my death and your killing me in a war which is against Dharma is not proper." 17.51

"If it is ordained by time other people would have acted like you and if it is in your power to give me an answer do it after thinking carefully." 17.52

After telling like this to Rama, the Vali, the son of king of devas who was shining like a Sun, with a very dried up throat suffering pain due to the arrow that hit him, kept quiet. 17.53

This is the end of Seventeenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

18. Rama Consoles Vali

[Rama tells Vali that as a representative of Bharata who rules the world, he is authorized to punish Vali who had a passionate relation with his brother's wife. He tells him, that it is usual to hunt animals hiding oneself. Vali understands the answer, requests Rama to protect Angadha his son. Rama assures him about it.]

After telling these humble but harsh words of Vali which had Dharmic implications and which were wise, he who was struck by Rama lost consciousness. 18.1

To that lord of monkeys who was like a lusterless Sun, like cloud which has released all its water and like fire which has put out and who was having characters of Dharma and Artha and who was the matchless god of monkeys and who spoke proper words, Rama, who was criticized, replied. 18.2-18.3

"Without understanding Dharma, Artha, Kama and worldly matters why are you criticizing me? This is childish." 18.4

"Why are you talking like frivolous monkey roaming in the forests? You could have consulted your elders, who are intelligent, learned and acceptable to scholars." 18.5

"The clan of Ikshuvakus own the entire world including along with its mountains and forests and have the right to punish animals, birds and men." 18.6

"The truthful, and upright Bharatha who is the follower of Dharma who has great knowledge of Dharma and Artha rules over this earth and is an expert in rewarding and punishing his subjects." 18.7

"King Bharatha in whom diplomacy and humility as well as truth is established is seen as a king with valour and judgment of time and place." 18.8

"As per his Dharmic instructions we and other kings are going round the world with a desire to establish Dharma." 18.9

"When the tiger among kings Bharatha who loves Dharma is ruling over the world, how can anyone move without observing Dharma." 18.10

"As per the orders of Bharatha we who are firmly established in our own Dharma, punish as per law those who do not follow Dharma." 18.11

"You have violated Dharma and slipped from your duty, and staying in passion bound activities in the royal path." 18.12

"The elder brother, father and the one who gives us education are the three who are to be considered equal to a father by those who follow Dharma." 18.13

"One's younger brother, son and a virtuous disciple are the three who are to be treated as sons if Dharma is taken in to consideration." 18.14

"Oh monkey, Dharma is subtle and difficult to understand and all the beings can identify the good and bad in their heart." 18.15
"You are fickle and you consult fickle minded petty monkeys and it is like a born blind man consulting another born blind person, Can you look at it from this angle?" 18.16

"I will tell you about it in very clear words and it is not proper for you to be angry at me or blame me." 18.17

"I will tell you the real reason for my killing you and please see it. You have forsaken the eternal Dharma by delighting with your brother's wife." 18.18

"You have delighted with passion towards Ruma who is your daughter in law when the great Sugreeva is still alive." 18.19

"Oh monkey, this punishment decided by me for your violating Dharma by sinning with passion with your own younger brother's wife, is just and proper." 18.20

"Oh lord of the monkeys, for one who acted against Dharma and not following the norms of the world, the only punishment which I could judge was killing you." 18.21

"I will not pardon you since I am a Kshatriya born in a good family, and I cannot pardon you, as the Sasthra says that punishment for any one who lusts with his own sister or his brother's wife, is death." 18.22

"Bharatha is the king of the world and we are the followers of his order and you have violated Dharma and how can we pardon you?" 18.23

"Bharatha is wise, respectable and who observes Dharma when he is ruling and he has determined to punish those who go against Dharma in the sensual matters." 18.24

"Oh Lord of the monkeys, having decided to follow the law of Bharatha, we have determined to punish all wicked people who go against tenets of Dharma." 18.25

"My friendship with Sugreeva is just like my friendship with Lakshmana and it was engaged for the sake of his wife and kingdom and I had Taken an oath regarding this in front of the monkeys and how is it possible for me to disregard my oath." 18.26-18.27

"Taking in to consideration all these great reasons which are according to Dharma, you may tell me the suitable command of yours." 18.28

"This should be viewed as a help rendered by me within limits of Dharma and it should be considered as a right punishment given to you because of that." 18.29

"You also should think it over from the point of Dharma. Please hear two song verses said by Manu which is highly regarded by those who love culture and these have been accepted by those proficient in Dharma taken action based on them." 18.30-18.31

"Those people who are punished for their sins by the king, get purified and reach heaven just like saints who did good deeds." 18.32

"A thief who has stolen money is relieved of his sin, if the money is taken back from him by the king after punishing him but the king becomes sinful, if he does not punish the sinner." 18.33

"My noble ancestor Mandatha inflicted a great punishment to one who is supposed to have given up the world, when he did a similar sin to that of yours." 18.34

"Other kings who were not watchful have also committed similar sins and their taint was appeased by doing atonement," 18.35

"Oh tiger among monkeys, please do not be sad about it for this killing was done as per Sasthras and done according to Dharma, as we do not have freedom to act as we like." 18.36

"Oh great monkey I shall relate you another reason for doing it and on hearing it you should not get angry with me." 18.37

"Oh great monkey I do not have any quarrel or malice with you and you know men using nets and ropes catch many different type of animals in the forest by hiding themselves." 18.38

"Those men who seek flesh to eat kill running and frightened animals which run away from them and also stable and fearless animals. They also hunt for alert animals which run away fast, which are not facing them. It is not wrong to hit an animal in any condition." 18.39-18.40

"Even royal sages who are expert in Dharma go for hunting in the forest, and because of that you fell for my arrow, Oh monkey and for hunting an animal on the branch, facing or not facing is not relevant." 18.41

"Oh great monkey, kings are givers of Dharma, which is not easy to obtain and also auspicious life and there is no doubt about it." 18.42

"Since kings are gods in human form moving on the earth, you are not supposed to harm them, shout at them, obey them and also not speak unpleasant words to them." 18.43

"Not knowing Dharma you are simply angry with me and berating my observation of Dharma not realizing that this Dharma has been passed to me through my father and forefathers." 18.44

When Rama told him like this Vali was greatly pained and decided as per Dharma that there was no fault in Rama. 18.45

That Lord of the monkeys with hands held in salutation told Rama "Oh great man, whatever you spoke is a fact and there is no doubt about it. 18.46

"It is not proper for an inferior person to reply to a distinguished person and I have earlier talked to you words that you do not like out of ignorance and Oh Raghava in spite of that further do not find fault with me." 18.47-18.48

"You are one who understands truth, one who is interested in welfare of citizens, one who can deduce about cause and effect, pleasant and stable minded." 18.49

"Oh expert in Dharma, I am that one who went against Dharma and one who believes in not practicing Dharma and do not know what is told in books of Dharma and so please protect me." 18.50

"I am not sad about myself nor about Tara and nor about my relatives but I am worried about Angadha who has virtuous qualities and wears golden armlets." 18.51

"Since I had loved and fondled right from childhood, without seeing me he would become pitiable and look like a lake with its waters dried up." 18.52

"Angadha is my only son and is young, innocent and is the son of Tara and very strong. You have to please protect him." 18.53

"You may please show your concern for Angadha as well Sugreeva and you are one who protects and punishes them and you also know what they should do and what they should not do." 18.54

"Oh king, behave with Angadha and Sugreeva like you would behave with Bharatha and Lakshmana." 18.55

"Tara, the sage like woman should not suffer for my faults at hands of Sugreeva and I wish he does not behave insultingly with her." 18.56

"With your blessings any one would be capable of ruling a kingdom. Working under you and obeying your will, he can rule over the entire earth, and even heaven." 18.57-18.58

"Even though I was prevented by Tara, since I was desiring death from your hands, I came to fight duel with my brother Sugreeva who is the son of Sun God" saying this the Lord of monkeys chose to remain silent in front of Rama." 18.59

Then Rama consoled Vali, who was clear in his thoughts, knew the peaceful means and was speaking according to Dharma. 18.60

"OH monkey do not grieve regarding this matter. Oh Good monkey you should not worry about yourself or us as we have taken a decision according to Dharma in your regard." 18.61-18.62

"He who punishes one who deserves to be punished and he who deserves punishment and gets punished both of them should not be sad to because this is the result cause and effect theory." 18.63

"Oh great one, because I have punished you, you have got rid of the sin and as per your nature you have attained the state of Dharma." 18.64

"Oh best of monkeys, give up sorrow, desire and fear that remains in your mind, for it is not possible for you to go against the design of fate." 18.65

"Oh Lord of monkeys Angadha would have the same relation to Sugreeva that he had with you and do not have any doubt about it." 18.66

Hearing these sweet words from that great soul Rama who travels in the path laid out by Dharma and who is destroyer of his enemies that Monkey gave a fitting suitable reply. 18.67

I being hit by an arrow and having lost my usual consciousness, due to my ignorance blamed you, Oh Lord equal to Indra and one who is greatly valorous, be leased with me and pardon me." 18.68

This is the end of Eighteenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

19. Tara Rushes to Vali's Place

[When Tara sees the monkey warriors running away she tries to dissuade them. They advice her to go back to the city and crown Angadha as their king. Without bothering about this advice, Tara rushes to the spot where Vali has fallen. Seeing her and Angadha crying Sugreeva becomes sad.]

Struck down by the arrows that great king of monkeys was made to lie on the ground and hearing apt words from Rama, he chose not to reply. 19.1

Badly pierced by Rama's arrows, limbs smashed by boulders and hit by trees, he lost his consciousness as a prelude to death. 19.2

His wife Tara heard that the tiger among monkeys was killed by the arrow released by Rama in the battle. 19.3

Hearing the terrible and unpleasant news of her husband's death, Tara got greatly frightened and rushed to the mountain cave along with her son. 19.4

The greatly valorous attendants of Angadha seeing Rama the one who wields a great bow were frightened and ran away. 19.5

Then Tara saw the frightened monkeys running away from her troop like deer slipping away from their herd. 19.6

That virtuous lady who herself was sorrowing, reached them who were sorrowing and running away as if Rama's arrows have hit them and told them. 19.7

"Oh monkeys you are the attendants who walk ahead of that king lion and why are you running away leaving this place extremely frightened?" 19.8

"If for the sake of the kingdom this brother was made to fall down by Rama's arrows which strike at a long distance, why are you running away?" 19.9

Those monkeys who can take any form that they want hearing the words of the wife of the monkey lord, which was timely and clear, told her. 19.10

"Oh lady with a living son, you please go back and save the life of your son Angadha, for Rama in the form of God of death has killed Vali." 19.11

"After being hit by trees and very big stones which were thrown at him, Vali fell down by the thunderbolt like arrow of Rama." 19.12

"After seeing the tiger like monkey who is equal to Indra in luster fall down, we who are his army were terrified and are getting scattered." 19.13

"Please protect the gateway of the city and crown Angadha the son of Vali as the king and all the monkeys would serve him as their king." 19.14

"Oh lady with a pleasant face, otherwise your place would not be good and so do as we advise and immediately the monkeys will mount the citadels of the city and keep watch." 19.15

"You will see many monkeys who were sent away by Vali along with wives and without wives wandering in the forest and they are great cause of fear to you." 19.16

That lady with a pretty smile hearing the words of monkeys with a lowly mind talked to them reflecting her own views. 19.17

"After the death of my great husband, who is the lion among monkeys, what is the use of the kingdom to me or the son or this life?" 19.18

"I will reach the base of the feet of that great soul, who has been killed by an arrow sent by Rama." 19.19

Affected by great sorrow, she ran crying, hitting her head and chest with her own hands. 19.20

When she was drawing close to that spot, she saw, her husband, who was a great conqueror of Rakshasas and one who never turned his back in the battle fallen on the earth. 19.21

And there she saw Vali who could throw mountains just like Indra who threw his thunderbolts, who was like a stormy wind and had the voice like the thunder of clouds. 19.22

Vali was equal in prowess to Indra, a thunder to those who thunder, one with a huge form, a valiant one, one who could kill other valiant ones, one who was like a lion killed by a tiger for its meat and was lying there like a cloud that was powerless after the rain. 19.23

He was like a temple having a flag and altar which was revered by all the worlds but destroyed by an eagle for the sake of a serpent. 19.24

That auspicious lady then saw Rama standing there leaning on the best of the bows along with his brother and the brother of her husband. 19.25

After crossing the place where they are standing, she went near her husband who had fallen in the battle and that very much pained lady was bewildered and fell down. 19.26

That lady then stood up as if she was waking up from her sleep and while crying said, "Oh husband" and wailed loudly seeing her husband who was caught up in the rope of death. 19.27

Sugreeva seeing Tara crying like a female Osprey and also seeing Angadha who was following her with great sorrow, experienced sorrow and despair. 19.28

This is the end of Nineteenth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

20. Tara's Wail

[Tara laments for her husband. She decided to give up her life by not taking any food.]

That moon faced lady and the pretty Tara, seeing her husband killed by the release of the fatal arrow by Rama and lying on the ground, went near embraced him. 20.1

Seeing Vali who can be compared to an elephant and who was like a great mountain lying killed by an arrow on the ground and fallen like a big tree, with mind filled with sorrow and grief, Tara wailed in great grief. 20.2-20.3

"Oh greatly valorous best of monkeys, oh great hero, in this dreadful war, why this neglect, why are you not talking to me who is in front of you." 20.4

"Oh tiger among monkeys, wake up, you may take rest in a best bed for great kings like you do not lie down on the earth." 20.5

"Oh Lord of earth, it appears earth is very special to you as even after death instead of lying on my limbs, you are lying on her." 20.6

"Oh valorous one who acted according to Dharma, it is very clear to me that you have constructed another pretty Kishkinda city on the way to heaven." 20.7

"The pleasure trips to the sweet scented forests by you and me both at this time has reached the end." 20.8

'When the leader of leaders like you have left for heaven after death, I am without happiness, without desires and drowned deep in the sea of sorrow." 20.9

"My heart seems to be greatly stable, since even after seeing my dead husband and even after being filled with sorrow, it does not seem to break in to thousand pieces." 20.10

"Oh lord of the monkeys, you seized the wife of Sugreeva and also banished him and you have attained this state because of that." 20.11

"Ok king of monkeys, due to love towards you and wishing you spiritual welfare, being the seeker of your welfare I gave you some good and useful advice but you ignored it." 20.12

"Oh person with self respect, you will create restlessness in the minds of Apsaras, who are endowed with youth and beauty." 20.13

"The God of death without any doubt puts an end to life and you who cannot be controlled have now come under the grips of control of Sugreeva." 20.14

"I, who have never experienced sorrow, have become like an orphan and turned in to a wretched condition of great sorrow by attaining widowhood." 20.15

"How will the delicate Angadha, who is pretty, valorous and given to life of pleasure live under the wishes of his father's brother, who is short tempered." 20.16

"Oh son, please see your father who is handsome and also lover of Dharma as to you it would not be possible to see him again." 20.17

"Oh my lord, you are on a long journey, console your son and after consoling touch your son on his forehead and enjoy his sweet smell and give him your message." 20.18

"Rama has done a great job by killing you and paid back his debt to Sugreeva in terms of an oath." 20.19

"Oh Sugreeva, become happy, fulfill your desires and get back Ruma and enjoy the kingdom without any worries as your brother who is your enemy is not there." 20.20

"When I am wailing like this with love towards you why are you not replying? Oh Lord of monkeys see me as well as many of your other wives." 20.21

All the other monkey ladies hearing this great wail of Tara, embracing Angadha became miserable, sad and started crying. 20.22

"Oh hero adorned with armlets, why this valorous journey without taking Angadha with you, who has qualities like yours and how can you go without your very dear son ?" 20.23

"Oh darling who dresses prettily, since you have begun the long journey leaving me and Angadha here, have we done something that you did not like?' 20.24

"If I have done some thing that you did not like unknowingly, Oh long armed one, please pardon me, oh lord of monkey clan. Oh valorous one, I am bending my head and touching your feet." 20.25

Then the piteous Tara who had a faultless colour cried uncontrollably near her husband along with other monkey ladies and with a decision to give up her life, she sat there near Vali without taking any food. 20.26

This is the end of Twentieth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

21. Hanuman Consoles Tara

[Hanuman tells Tara that with a living son, who needs her attention it is not proper to give up her life. He tells her that she should make Angadha as the king. Tara tells him that she would prefer death.]

Then the monkey leader Hanuman slowly consoled Tara who was like star on the sky fallen to the ground. 21.1

"All beings due to the bad and good deeds done by them in control of their senses attain after death auspicious or inauspicious results." 21.2

"When one should worry about you, you are worrying about one about whom you should not get worried due to pity and compassion as this body is as temporary as a bubble." 21.3

"You are a mother with a son living in Angadha who is a lad who needs to be looked after. And think about your duties to him in the future." 21.4

"You are aware that coming and going in to this world does not happen following any rule and therefore the learned people say that we have to do only auspicious acts." 21.5

"He is the one on whom thousands, millions and hundred millions monkeys have pinned their hope and that one has attained this state." 21.6

"He had a lawful vision, he used persuasion, charity and punishment to administer the kingdom, and has got this position through Dharma and it is not proper for you grieve at his death. 21.7

"The tiger among monkeys Angadha who is your son and the entire kingdom of monkeys and bears are under your control." 21, 8

"Oh pretty one, you may encourage these two persons [Sugreeva and Angadha] who both are drowned in sorrow and let Angadha under your control rule over this earth." 21.9

"Whatever are the anticipated duties of a son towards his father and all that is expected to be done to the dying king should be done now, as this has been dictated by time." 21.10

"Now the monkey should be cremated and Angadha should be crowned as the king, and after seeing your son going towards the throne you would get peace." 21.11

Hearing these words, Tara who was affected by sorrow due to husband, replied to Hanuman who was available there. 21.12

"If on one side I have hundred sons who are exactly alike Angadha and the dead body of this slayer on another side, I would embrace the body." 21.13

"I am not the proper person to decide whether Angadha has to be the king and the brother of his father Sugreeva would take a decision on that." 21.14

"Oh Hanuman, do not entertain such thoughts in your mind about Angadha for father is the real well wishes of the son and not the mother." 21.15

"A safer course for me is to join the king of monkeys in this world or the other world and I would prefer to the slain hero in my front and I would lie with him in his final resting place." 21.16

This is the end of Twenty First Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.