|Vedanta Spiritual Library|
Module - E
Unit - E01
Lesson - E0101: Introduction to Intelligence
By Raja Subramaniyan
Definition of Intelligence:
Intelligence refers to a general mental capability to reason, solve problems, think abstractly, learn and understand new concepts, and profit from experience. Intelligence can be measured by the efficiency in performing many different kinds of tasks. Likewise, this ability is expressed in many aspects of a person's life. Intelligence draws on a variety of mental processes, including memory, learning, perception, decision-making, thinking and reasoning.
Classification of intelligence:
Visual/Spatial intelligence includes being able to visualize an object and to create mental images. It deals with visual arts, navigation, architecture and certain games such as chess.
Verbal/Linguistic intelligence relates to words and language. We use this intelligence in listening, speaking, reading and writing.
Musical/Rhythmic intelligence includes the ability to recognize tonal patterns, rhythm and beat. It includes sensitivity to environmental sounds, the human voice and musical instruments.
Logical/Mathematical intelligence deals with inductive and deductive reasoning, numbers and relationships. It involves the ability to recognize patterns, to work with geometric shapes and to make connections between pieces of information.
Bodily/Kinesthetic intelligence deals with physical movement, the knowledge of the body, and the body functions. It includes the ability to use the body to express emotion(s), to play a game, and to interpret and invoke effective "body" language.
Interpersonal intelligence is used in person-to-person relationships. It includes the ability to communicate with others and to have empathy for their feelings and beliefs.
Intrapersonal intelligence is based on knowledge of the "self". It includes Meta cognition (thinking about thinking), emotional responses, self-reflection and an awareness of metaphysical concepts.
In addition to the above, intelligence includes all the accumulated knowledge, proficiency, capabilities, skills and smartness for the purpose of discussion in this module.