|Vedanta Spiritual Library|
Module - A
Unit - A08
Lesson - A0833: Practical - Universe does not exist!
By Raja Subramaniyan
Doubt: What is this ONE?
Answer: It cannot be explained by words because it is nameless, formless, attribute less, infinite, immortal, eternal, inseparable whole. ...
Doubt: Then how do you know it exists?
Answer: It is explained in the Scriptures through indirect statements. (It cannot be explained by direct statements)
Doubt: Indirect Statements means ONE has some attributes. If it does not have any attributes how can any indirect statement show it? (Depending on the situation one should negate the entire direct meaning of a word and take a totally different but related word to be the meaning)
Doubt: If ONE has attributes then it is yet another object in creation and cannot be eternal. If it has no attributes then it cannot be explained by Scriptures. Therefore, it does not exist.
Answer 1: How do we prove anything exists? In order to say something exists, (Test 1) there should be a basis on which its presence is perceived and (Test 2) we should be able to define it.
We cannot prove anything else (other than ONE) exists!!
Proof that nothing can be proved to exist:
We feel the universe exists because we perceive it. However, we cannot define it as explained below. (So it fails the test of existence)
Take any specific object and try to define it. You will have to explain it by saying about its attributes (name, form, big, small, soft, hard, tall, short, red, blue etc) or composition (components or parts of it) or action (what it does) or relationship (with something else) or accept that it cannot be explained!
It is not possible to define anything that we perceive because they do not exist for real. If we attempt to explain them, we will be caught in one of the five problems as listed below.
Explanations are given to negate the existence of any object by showing that it is not possible to explain the object using its attributes. Same arguments will hold good for using composition, action or relationship to explain the object.
Think of any object and answer the following questions.
Five Problems while explaining anything
1. Self Contradiction ('I am dumb')
The object has an attribute called X.
Does this attribute depend on the object that you are trying to describe?
Yes. (If you say no, it will be self-contradicting)
2. Self Dependence ('I stand on my shoulder')
Then tell me about that object which has X attribute.
It has Y attribute. (If you say X attribute, it will be Self Dependence)
3. Mutual Dependence ("I stand on your shoulder and you are on mine")
Then tell me about that object which has Y attribute.
It has Z attribute. (If you say X attribute, it will be Mutual Dependence)
4. Cyclical Dependence (I stand on you, you stand on him and he stands on me)
Then tell me about that object which has Z attribute.
It has A attribute. (If you say X attribute, it will be Cyclical Dependence)
5. Recursive (never ending ...)
Then tell me about that object which has A attribute.
It has B attribute. (There is no end. You will never be able to explain this object to me)
Therefore, it is proved that NOTHING exists!