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Gita Lesson - 1603: Creator and Creation

Bhagavad Gita
Unit - 16
Lesson - 1603: Creator and Creation
By Raja Subramaniyan

The correct understanding of the nature of God reveals the relationship between the creator and the creation. It is not similar to the relationship between the baker and the bread. Nor it is like the relationship between spider and the web.

Creation consists of name and form. There is no substance in creation. The only substance is Brahman. Brahman is nameless, formless and second less conscious principle. This consciousness together with names and forms appear as creation. Brahman with names, forms and attributes is called God. God includes creation.

The relationship between God and Creation is similar to the relationship between the clay and pot as shown in the following three statements.
1. Clay says, "All pots are with me"
2. Clay says, "I am not with the pots"
3. Clay says, "Pots are not with me"
The first statement and the third statement appear to contradict each other. Lord Krishna's explanation on the relationship between God and Creation has similar apparent contradiction, which can be understood with logical analysis of these three statements.

1. Clay says, "All pots are with me"
Pots depend on clay for existence. If there is no clay, there are no pots.
Universe depends on God for existence. If there is no God, there is no universe.
Therefore, it is possible for the clay to claim, "All pots are with me".

2. Clay says, "I am not with the pots"
Clay does not depend on pots for its existence. Even if all the pots are destroyed, the clay continues to exist. The existence is a property that belongs to clay. After the creation, the pots borrow this property from clay.
Similarly, God does not depend on the universe for existence. Even if the entire universe is destroyed, God continues to exist. The existence is a property that belongs to God. The 'IS' ness of the entire universe is borrowed from God.

3. Clay says, "Pots are not with me"
Since pots depend on clay for existence, it can be said they do not exist. A reflection of an object cannot be counted as a second object. Similarly, since there is only one substance, clay, it can claim, "Pots are not with me".

Similarly, the entire universe belongs to a lower order of reality just as our dream. The dream world that is perceived while we are asleep belongs to a lower order of reality. When we wake up the dream world is resolved. Similarly, the so-called real universe is the dream of God. It is an illusion. Just as we are not affected by the events in the dream, God can claim, "The creation is not in me".

Thus from this discussion, we can derive three types of reality.

Real, that which exists. Only God exists and it is the only reality. Although we experience God all the time, we may not know it.

False, that which does not exists. Like rabbit's horn. It is not available for experience.

Illusion, that which does not exist but available for experience. The entire universe belongs to this category. It is not real because on analysis it vanishes. It is not false because it is available for experience. Therefore it is an illusion.

There is no creation. There is manifestation. There are no two substances. The only substance is clay. Clay does not have any specific form during un manifested stage. It appears as pots after manifestation.

God is the name for all names. God is the form of all forms. God appears as the universe. We observe that there are many objects in the creation. However, in essence there is only one substance. Everything in the universe that we perceive is just a name and form of the very same substance, God.

The nature of relationship between God and Brahman

Brahman with the power of illusion is called God just as a person who can sing is called a singer. Both the words singer and the person refer to the same entity. Similarly, God and Brahman refer to the same entity.

God can be construed to have two natures, higher and lower. The higher nature refer to the Brahman, which is formless, nameless etc. The lower nature refers to the Illusion, which appears (and disappears) as the universe, which is constantly changing.

The nature of relationship between the Creator and Creation

The Creator is God and the Creation is the Universe.

God is Brahman together with the power of Illusion.

Universe is the expression of the Illusion.

God is the master of the Illusion.

By controlling the Illusion, God cyclically manifests the universe (called creation), sustains it and resolves it at the appropriate time.

Since God is both the intelligence cause and the material cause of the creation, God appears as Universe. There are three unique features with respect to the relation between God and the universe, which are detailed below.

1. God is unattached

The universe is the gross form of God. There is no universe outside God. However, God is beyond the universe as well. Even when there is no universe (prior to Big Bang or after resolution of the universe), God will continue to exist.

This is similar to the relationship between Air and Space. There is no air outside the space. However, Space is beyond the air. Even where this is no air, space continues to exist.

Thus, while air depends on space for existence, space does not depend on air for existence. Similarly, universe depends on God for existence but God does not depend on the universe for existence.

2. God is unaffected

If the air is polluted, it does not affect the space in any way. Similarly, the problems of the world do not taint God. God is not away from creation. Both are in the same place. However, God remains unaffected by the status of the universe.

3. God is unchanging

Space does not move when the air moves. Similarly, God does not change while the universe changes. The universe is continuously changing and God remains unchanging.

Once we understand the relationship between the creator and the creation, we will gain clarity on how to respond to the world. Although, we may continue to see the mirage water, we will not rush towards it to quench the thirst. Similarly, the world continues to appear as before. However, those who understand the relationship between the world and God will not run towards the world for gaining peace, security and happiness.

Chapter 9: The Most Confidential Knowledge [Verses: 04 - 06]

9.4 This entire universe is pervaded by Me, whose form is unmanifested. All beings are in Me, but I am not in them.

9.5 In fact, the beings are not in Me. Although I Myself am the creator of the beings and sustainer of the beings, I am not in the beings.

9.6 As the mighty wind, blowing everywhere, always rests in space, know that in the same manner all beings rest in Me.

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