|Vedanta Spiritual Library|
Madhava Geetham [A Musical Drama of 26 Songs]
By D. Pattammal
Translated by P. R. Ramachander
[Jaya Deva's Gita Govinda is an immortal epic poem which is popularly sing in South India. Since it is written in a poetic style of eight lines per verse it is also called Ashtapadi. The original book is the story of three characters Krishna, Radha and her friend. Radha does not understand how to join with Krishna. Efforts are made on her behalf by her friend. Then Krishna himself comes and joins with Radha. This book has twenty four sections and has explicit descriptions of several love scenes. Philosophers feel that in this story the three characters are Paramathma (Krishna), Jeevathma (Radha) and Guru (Radha's friend). The jeevathma wants to join with the Paramathma. The Guru teaches and guides Jeevathma the method of doing it. When Jeevathma loses its pride and selfishness, The Parmathma himself comes and joins with the Jeevathma. The great Vidushi Smt. D. Pattammal has written 24 poems, following the same Raga as the 24 sections of Ashta Padi, in a very simple Tamil. The tamil verses of this music drama (Madhava Geetham) can be found at:
www.dpattammal.com/madhava-geetham.htm. I have tried to translate this great work in to English.]
1. Invocative Prayer to Lord Ganesha
Ragam Gambheera Nata
Karunai cheyvai Gaja mukhane - Enakku,
Arul purivay MAal Marugane.
Karuthil vanthu amaruvai, sakthi vinayagane,
Ganga Jada dharanin mootha magane
Kannan Rad hayin kadhayinai chollidave,
Karuthinai tharuvai Ganapathiye,
Yennum padi nAan yezhuthidave -nee,
Yeppizhayum varAamal katharul.
Show mercy on me, oh elephant faced God,
Please show your grace on me oh nephew of Lord Vishnu
Please sit on my thoughts, Oh Sakthi Ganapathi,
Oh elder son of the lord who carries Ganga on his tuft.
For telling the story of Krishna and Radha,
Give me strength, Oh Ganapathi,
Let me write as I think and you please,
Protect from any errors happening in it.
2. Dasavathara Song
Meenum, Aamayum, enamum simmamumai,
Arakkarai azhikka avatharam cheytha -Krishna
Vanum, vaiyavum eeradiyai alantha,
Vamanan avatharam cheytha KrishnAa,
Parasurama bala ramanumAagi,
BHaktharkku boditha Budhanumagi,
Daraniyai kathida Kalki sareeram konda,
Damodharane, yenakku arulvai Krishna.
Oh Krishna who took incarnations as,
Fish, tortoise, boar and lion for killing the Rakshasas.
Oh Krishna who was born as Vamana,
Who measured the earth and heaven in two steps.
Oh Damodhara who became Parasurama,
And Balarama and Budha who taught the world,
As well as became Kalki to protect the world,
Please shower your mercy on me Krishna.
3. Lord Krishna's Description
Kanaka kundalam, kayyil kankanam, kalil chadangai kala kalakkuthe,
Idayil peethambaramum, mAarbil padakkvum minnuthe
Mana bhayam thannai pokkidave, Madhu, Mura, Narakasuranai,
Maditha MAadhavane, Surya Narayana
Kaliyan mele Narthanam cheythAar, Govardhanai kai kudayai pidithai,
Kodhai seethayai kondidave Kodandathai valaithai,
Kelikkai pala cheythu Sri Lakshmi Kanthane,
Kesavane kurai theertharul Govindhane.
You wear golden globes in the ear, Bangles in the hand,
With jingling anklets on the legs, yellow silk on the hip,
And the pendant on the chest shines
Oh Madhava who killed Madhu, Mura and Narakasura,
To drive out fear, Oh Surya Narayana
He danced on the serpent Kaliya, You held the Govardhana like an umbrella,
For getting married to the lass Sita, you bent the Kodanda,
Oh consort of Lakshmi, who carried out many sports,
Oh Kesava, Oh Govinda, fulfill all my wants.
4. Radha Misses Lord Krishna
Vasantha kalamum vanthathe - yengum,
Vanna malalar poothu chorinthathe
Vasantha ragangal padi vandukal mei maranthu,
Vasa malar thenai vari vari unnum,
Kalamum yennudan kalithirukkum Kannan,
Kanavillaya, chathu kannayarnthiruppano,
Neela vanna kannanin nithirayil nAan iruppen,
Neenda neram Aachuthe, nenjam padaikkuthe.
The spring season has come -and everywhere,
Pretty colored flowers have flowered in heaps.
The bees singing the tune of the spring, forgetting themselves,
Are gobbling and gobbling the honey from scented flowers.
The Krishna who always keeps playing with me,
Is not to be seen, Would he have taken a nap,
I would be there in the sleep of the blue colored Krishna,
It is a very long long time - my heart is trembling.
5. Lord Krishna's Play
Paradi Radhe Chathru ingu paradi, Radhe sabdam cheyyamal uttu,
Paradi Radhe, pala gopiyarudan Kannan konji magizhvathai,
Yaradi, avan madiyil mayangi kidappaval,
Kanadi avan kannai pothi maghizhbavalai
Pinnalai pinni vidum azhaginai kandanayo?
Min idayalkin mai vizhiyinai kandanayo?
Anna nadai nadanthu avan arugil chendru,
Yenna than chonnalo punnagaikindrathai
See it Oh Radha, see here, Oh Radha without making any noise see carefully,
See it Radha, See Krishna flirting happily with many Gopis
Who is lying swooned on his lap,
See Another one becoming by closing his eyes
Did you see the beauty of him combing her hair?
Did you see the eyes of the girl with lightning like middle,
What did she tell him, after making a swan like walk,
And going near him, so that he is smiling?
6. Radha's Jealousy
Yenna manam noguthe -antha,
Kannan yenakku cheytha droham thannai
Kannan yenakke sondham yendru irumanthirundhen,
Kanyam illatha pengal avanidam nadantha vidham
My heart aches when I think about the,
Offence done by Lord Krishna to me.
I was very proud thinking that Krishna is only mine,
And seeing the way that the characterless girls behaved with him
7. Radha Requests her friend to meet Lord Krishna
Thalam Mishra Chapu
Kannanidam chendru yen yennam thanai cholli,
Kaiyodu ingu azhaithu vAadi
VAannan indri yenakku indha vaiyam illai -thozhi,
Vadi urugum vAatam thanai parthu udane,
Avan indri yen uyir aria nodiyum thangAathu,
Aavalodu avan varavai parthu karthiruppen,
THavaramal udan chendru dhayiriyamai pesi,
Dhamodharanai yennidamn cherthiduvai-thozhi
Go and tell my thought to Krishna,
And bring him here forthwith
This world is not there for me without the colored one - Oh friend,
Seeing my melting away due to to the wilting of love, go immediately
Without him my soul will not tarry even for a second,
And I would eagerly waiting to see his arrival,
Without making mistake go immediately speak to him courageously,
And make Damodhara meet me-Oh friend
8. Lord Krishna feels sorry for what he did and also on loosing Radha
Yenna pizhai cheythu vitten- yen Radhayai,
Izhakka nernthu vittathe, yen cheyven
Yen alakshyam thanai kandapin Radhayai
Yen solli thethuven yendru bhayanthe summa irundhen
What a mistake I have done - It has come about,
That I lost my Radha, what shall I do?
After seeing my neglect, what shall I tell Radha,
And console her, thinking like this and getting scared I kept quite.
9. Radha's Friend meets Lord Krishna
Kanna yen chol keleero-yen mugam nokki,
Vanna yen radhaikku badil tharuveer-mohana
Yenni unai ninainthu yengi miga vAadi,
Unnamal urangamal un varavai nookukinrAal
Yennudanum pesuvadhil ishtam kollamal,
Yeppothum kadu kaduthu irukkindrAal,
Un namam thanaye urugi urugi chollum,
Yen Radhaikku arul cheyya ippothe virainthiduveer.
Would you not hear my words, Krishna-please se my face,
Oh coloured one and give your reply to my Radha-Oh pretty Krishna
Thinking and longing for you, she has faded a lot,
And without eating or sleeping she is waiting your arrival
Since she does not have mood, she does not even talk to me,
And always she is grumpy, serious and angry,
Please come just now to shower your grace on my Radha,
Who keeps on telling your name meltingly.
10. Friend Requests Lord Krishna to meet Radha
Udane purappiduveer -yen thozhi than,
Uyirinai kathidave- neengal
Nadamadiye vegu natkal Aachu,
NAlum un namam indri verillai pechu
Annamum neerum kooda arunthuvadhillai,
Aana mattum chonnen ketpadum illai,
Un varavai nokki kan vizhithirukkindrAal,
Yen Radhaikku arul cheyya thamadamillamal.
You please start immediately for saving,
The life of my friend
Long days are past when she has even moved about,
And always except your name she does not talk anything else
She has not even taken rice and water,
I told her as much as possible but she does not obey,
She is always waking up waiting for your relationship,
Please start without delay to shower your grace on my Radha.
11. Krishna requests Radha to meet him
Raga Ananda Bhairavi
Kannan vara chonnan yendru chol Radhayidam poi
Vanna malar cholayin vasalil nAan kattiruppen,
Va nna puthu chelai katti vasa malar choodi kondu
Kannan ini yendrum unnai maranthida mAattAan,
Yendru avalidam yeduthu cholluvai,
Panniya pizhai thannai yenniye varunthukindrAan,
Parivodu ini unnidam nadappan yendru thithi
You go and tell Radha that Krishna asked her to come
I would wait for her near the gate of the garden of pretty flowers,
Ask her to come dressed in colorful Sari wearing scented flowers
From now Krishna will not forget you at any time,
Say this to her convincingly,
Tell her that I am repenting on the wrongs done,
And that I would behave with her with warmth.
12. Krishna's Message is Conveyed to Radha by Friend
Raga Kedhara Gowla
Kannanai kanden, avan karuthinai therinthu konden,
Vanna malar cholayil unnai vara chonnan,
Pannina pizhaikkak varutha vendAam -yendrAan
ONdrum bhayamillamal kannanidam chellalAam,
Oru pothum ini unnai kai vidamAattan,
Un nilayai kettu migavum varunthinAan,
Un varavai Aavaludan yethir nokki iruppan.
I saw Krishna, and understood his thoughts,
Do not worry, friend,
He asked you to the garden with colorful flowers,
He requested you to not make him sorry for the error done
You can go to Lord Krishna without any fear,
He would never leave you at any time,
He became very sad hearing your state of affairs,
He would be anxiously waiting for your coming.
13. Friend informs Lord Krishna that Radha is not in a position to come
Kanna, sathru inge vAarum, -ungal,
Kadhali Radhayin gathiyai pAarum, .
Yenni ummai ninainthu vAadi melinthavallal,
Yettu adi nadakka mudiyavillaye -pavam
Varukindra vazhiyilulla Latha grahathil irukka cheythu,
Vandha vivarangalaye thangalidam chonnen,
Varuvver varuveer yendreu vizhi pAarkkum yen thozhi,
Radhaikku irangi arul puriya -yippothu
Oh Krishna, please come here and please,
See the state of your darling Radha
Since she has become thin by thinking about you and fading,
She was not able to walk even eight steps -poor one
I have made her stay in the house of climbers on the way,
And come and told you about what happened while we came,
To my friend Radha who is anxiously waiting thinking,
You would come, you would come, show mercy and show your grace now itself.
14. Radha Laments that Krishna did not come as Promised
Sonna padi Kannan vara villaye, nAan,
Yenna cheyven thozhi
Yenna than unnidam chonnana yenbathai,
Yennidam thirumbavum uraithiduvAai-Thozhi
Oh friend, Krishna did not come as he promised,
What shall I do friend.
Oh friend, again tell me what he told you,
Once again, Oh my friend.
15. Radha further Laments when Krishna did not come as Promised
Maya Kannan indru varuvAanodi -avan,
Chayamn veluthathe ippothu
Nayagi yevaludano nalum kazhikkindran,
Nyayam yellu alvum illai, neethiyum illai
Pozhuthum kazhikirathu, kan poothu pogindrathu,
Azhugayum Aathiramum orunge varukindrathu.
Aanalum ivan cheyvathu akramam illayo.
Will the Krishna of illusion come today -
His real form has now come out
He is spending his time with some other lover,
In this there is not even little justice nor reasoning.
Time is passing away, My eyes are becoming confused,
Even for patience, is there no limit,
For me sorrow and anger are coming together,
In spite of that what he is doing is it not cruel.
16. Radha Describes Krishna's Pretty Form
Thalam Mishra chapu
Kamala thirumugathil kasthuri thilagamum,
Karunai pozhiyum kangal oli veesudhe, kanna
The thilaka with musk on his lotus like face,
And your eyes drenched with mercy are shining in light, Oh Krishna.
17. Radha Thinks of Krishna in the Form of a Satire
Raga Punnaga Varali
YAar meethum kutham chollathe -un,
Kadamayai mattum cheythAal pothum.
Kar megha vannan Kannan, kalyana guna sheelanai,
Kadalikkamal irukka AarAal mudiyum
Kitta varum pengalai yetti thalla mudiyumo,
Krishnan than yenna cheyvAan,
Mattila thunbam thannai anubhavikka piranthen,
Magizhchiyaga irukkum bhagya Sali Aaro.
Do not find fault with anybody-
It is sufficient if you do only your duty.
Who can remain without being in love with
The Krishna of the colour of the blue black cloud,
And who has all the auspicious characters.
Can we push away the girls come who near you,
What can Krishna do in this case,
I was born to bear sorrow which is immeasurable,
And I do not know who that person who is happy ?
18. Lord Krishna comes and Radha Requests him to go away
Umakku ingu yenna velai, neer pogalAam,
Umakku ingu yenna velai, neer pogalAam
Umakku uganthavaludan irundhu kondidalAame,
Oru pothum vara vendAam yendru nAan cholkiren
Malai varuven yendra chol yennanchu,
Madugal karavaikku kandrugaludan purapettachu,
Kalai vandhathum than yen jnabakam vandatho-antha,
Kathaliyai vittu viraivil odi vantheero.
What work you have here, you can please go,
What work you have here, you can please go,
You can stay with the lady who is suitable to you,
I am telling you that you need not come here at any time.
What happened to your word that you will come in the evening,
The cows have started along with their calves for milking,
Did you remember about me only in the morning
Did you come running her after leaving that sweet heart.
19. Friend Criticizes Radha for her Wrong Attitude
Raga Yadhu kula Khambhoji
Talam MIshra Chapu
Veen garvam unakkeno, veenaka un vAazhvai,
Veen atithu kondaye
Aan maganm kannanai appadi pesalamo,
Aanavama andri ariyamayo, ariyen
INi yenna cheythiduvai, ini un Kannan vara mAattan,
Ilamayum azhagum irundhu yenna sukhamachu,
THaniyaga irundhu nee thavikkum padi yache,
THavaraga avan vandhAal thavari nadakkathe, .
Why this useless pride to you, for nothing,
You have made your life useless,
Is it proper to talk like that to Krishna who is a male,
Is it pride or ignorance, I do not know,
What will you do now, Now your Krishna would not come,
With the youth and beauty, what pleasure did you get,
You are now fated to lead a very lonely life,
If by mistake he comes do not do this mistake.
20. Krishna Consoles Radha
Kopam kolladhe Radhe, un konjum mukham,
Kovai pazham Aanathe -ini yenthan mel
Thapam migavum kondu thane unnidam vanthen,
Thalir padam chathe yen Thalai meethu vaithiduvai
Malai varum varai manam poruthu irundhen,
Mangai unai kana magizhvodu odi vanthen,
Kalai mudhal kanner vaditha kannai kana varunthukidren,
Kavalai thanai viduthu kalithidu yennudan.
Do not be angry oh Radha, Your lisping face,
Has become red like red kovai fruit - now on me.
I came with great love sickness to you,
Please keep your tender feet on my head.
Till the evening came I had controlled my mind,
Then to you lady I came running with happiness,
I am sorry to see your eyes which was shedding tears from morning,
Leave out the worries and be happy with me.
21. Friend Advises Radha as to Proper Behaviour
Nokkamn therinthu nadappai, kannanidam poi,
Nokkam therinthu nadappai
Yekkam niraintha nAal yellam pochu,
INi undhan vazhvil sukham varalachu
Undhan adrishtathAal kannanum vandhAan,
Unnidam pesi mannippum kettan,
Sandhikkum idam thanil irukkum avanidam,
Chanchalam kollamal seekirame chendriduvai
Go and behave understanding his wish, Go to Krishna,
And behave yourselves understanding his wish
The days which were filled with longing have all gone,
Now in your life pleasure has come,
Due to your luck, Krishna also came,
He talked with you and asked your pardon,
Please go speedily without nervousness,
To him who is in the meeting place.
22. Radha meets Krishna in the Flower Garden
Thalam Ganda Chapu
Malli, mullai, samathi marukozhundhu, roja,
Malar pootha poongavil mannan Kannan kathirundhan
Alli malar poothathu, arundathiyum kandathu,
Azhagi radhai varavai Aavaludan nokkinAan.
Kallizhaitha nagai pootti, kala kalavena olikka,
Kannanidam radhayum kathaludan chendrAal,
MellidayAal radhayum vetkam miga kondu,
Methuvaga thozhiyin dairya varthayil vandhAal.
In the Flower garden where Jasmine, Chrysanthymum, Rose,
Maru leaves abound, the king Krishna waited for her.
The lily flower opened, It was possible to see Arundathi star,
He waited with desire to see the coming of the pretty Radha.
Wearing gem studded ornaments, which were making jingling sounds,
Radha went near Lord Krishna with great love,
The Radha with thin middle part showing great shyness,
Came slowly due to the courage given by her friend.
23. Radha and Krishna in the Garden
Radhayum Latha graham vandhu adainthAal,
Kannanum kathal migavum kondAan.
Kothai miga vetkam kondu kannanaye,
KOnjum vizhikalAal parthu manam magizhndhAal
Kannanum Radhayum oonjal AadinAargal,
Kalithu migavum Aadi pAadinAarkal,
Yennam yellam kannanee yennru iruntha radhaikku,
Kanniyar chendra pin kAakshi alithAan.
Radha reached the home made of climbing points,
And Lord Krishna fell greatly in love with her.
That pretty lady became very shy and was looking,
At Krishna with her very dear eyes and became very happy.
Krishna and Radha swung in the swing,
After becoming happy they danced and sung,
And to Radha, all whose thoughts were only Krishna,
Krishna showed his divine form after all the maids left.
24. Radha and Krishna are Happy
Ragam Nadha nama Kriya
Kannanum Radhayum KalithirundhAargal,
Kanmani Radhai kan chorvadainthu irunthathu.
Yennum Radhai yennathai therintha pin,
Kannan than korikkayai kanivudan chonnAan.
Radhayin thozhikal pona pin Kannan,
Radhayudan pala leelaikal cheythAan,
Kothayum kannanai magizhndhu kondAadi,
Kodi Namakarangal cheythAanl
Krishna and Radha were extremely happy,
The eyes of the Darling Radha were looking tired.
Understanding the thoughts of the thoughtful Radha,
Krishna told his request to her softly.
After all the friends of Radha have left,
Krishna played lot of love sports with Radha,
And the pretty girl happily praised Lord Krishna,
Gave him billions of salutations.
25. Radha is worried over the late time and requests Krishna to say that it was due to him
Ragam Mangala Kousika
Thala Kanda yeka
Nanda gopan chonna vAarthayin ninaivAal,
Nadukkam migavum undakuthe.
Anthi pozhuthagirathu, Aakayam karukkirathu,
ADai mazhai peythAal azhuvai nee yendru,
Ivvalavu neral yen Aayithu endrAal,
Yenna badil cholven, chollada kanna.
Avvalavin karanam Kannan nAane yendru,
Neeye arulvai Sri Krishna
Remembering the words of Nanda gopa,
I am feeling great shivering
It is becoming the dusk, and the sky is turning black,
If it rains heavily you will cry, he had told
If they ask, why so much delay,
What reply shall I give, Krishna please tell,
Oh Krishna you yourself please tell,
The cause of all this is only me.
Sri Bala Krishnanukku Jaya Mangalam
Sri Radha Krishanukku Shubha mangalam
Gopala Govindha Madhavanukku Mangalam
Gokula Yadhu kula Nandanukku Mangalam.
Auspicious victory to the baby Krishna,
Divinely pure auspiciousness to Radha Krishna
Auspiciousness to Gopala, Govindha and Madhava
Auspiciousness to the baby belonging to the Yadhu clan.